Sources of data used

By generously sharing data, the following organizations made it possible for the Human Development Reports to publish the important human development statistics appearing in the indicator tables. Many of our indicators can be obtained directly from:


Barro-Lee Educational Attainment Dataset

Barro-Lee Educational Attainment Dataset provides data on educational attainment for 146 countries in 5-year intervals from 1950 to 2010, updated in June 2014.

Professor Jong-Wha Lee

Economic Department Korea University, Seoul, Korea

Tel: 82-2-3290-2216

Fax: 82-2-928-4948




CRED EM-DAT (Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters)

The International Disaster Database, Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED): Since 1988 the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) has been maintaining an Emergency Events Database EM-DAT. EM-DAT was created with the initial support of the WHO and the Belgian Government.

Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters – CRED

School of Public Health

Université catholique de Louvain

Clos Chapelle-aux-Champs, Bte B1.30.15

1200 Brussels, Belgium

Phone: +32 (0)2.764.33.27

Fax: +32 (0)2.764.34.41


ECLAC (United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean)

ECLAC (United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean).

Preliminary Overview of the Economies of Latin America and the Caribbean, 2014. Santiago. Accessed 15 March 2015


Av. Dag Hammarskjöld 3477

Vitacura, Santiago de Chile

Telephone: (56-2) 2471 2000 • 2210 2000

Address: Casilla 179-D, Santiago de Chile

Postal code: 7630412




European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EUSILC). Brussels.  Accessed 15 January 2015.

The European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) is an instrument aiming at collecting timely and comparable cross-sectional and longitudinal multidimensional microdata on income, poverty, social exclusion and living conditions. This instrument is anchored in the European Statistical System (ESS).

European Commission, Eurostat

2920 Luxembourg

Tel: +352 4301-1



FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization)

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) collects, analyses and disseminates data and information on food and agriculture. It is the source of food insecurity indicators.


Viale delle Terme di Caracalla

00153 Rome, Italy

Tel:(+39) 06 57051




Gallup World Poll Analytics database. Gallup World Poll is a global leader in behavioral economic research. Gallup conducts surveys in more than 150 countries and is committed to doing so for the entire century. Employing gold-standard methodology, this initiative provides a scientific window into the thoughts and behaviors of 98% of the Earth's population through nationally representative samples.

Gallup World Poll Analytics database



ICF Macro Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS)

Since 1984, the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) Program has collected, analyzed, and disseminated accurate and representative data on population, health, HIV, and nutrition through more than 300 surveys in over 90 countries. Demographic and Health Surveys are main source of distributional data for computation of the Multidimensional Poverty Index and Inequality-Adjusted HDI.

The DHS Program
ICF International
530 Gaither Road, Suite 500
Rockville, MD 20850 USA
Tel: (301) 407-6500
Fax: (301) 407-6501




ICPS (International Centre for Prison Studies)

ICPS (International Centre for Prison Studies). 2014. “World Prison Population List (10th edition).” London. Accessed 21 November 2014.

Institute for Criminal Policy Research

School of Law, Birkbeck,

University of London

42 Store St

London WC1E 7DB




IDMC (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre)

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) is the leading international body monitoring conflict-induced internal displacement worldwide. Its IDP database provides frequently updated information and analysis on conflict-induced internal displacement around the globe. It is the only provider of comprehensive information on all situations of conflict-induced internal displacement worldwide.


Chemin de Balexert, 7-9, 1219 Chatelaine, Geneva, Switzerland

Tel: +41 (22) 799 07 00




ILO (International Labour Organization)

International Labour Organization (ILO) maintains an extensive statistical publication programme with the Key Indicators on the Labour Market as its most comprehensive collection of labour market data. The ILO is the source of data on wages, employment and occupations and information on the ratification status of labour rights conventions.

International Labour Office

4 route des Morillons

CH-1211 Genève 22


Tel: +41 (0) 22 799 6111

Fax: +41 (0) 22 798 8685




IMF (International Monetary Fund)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) has an extensive programme for developing and compiling statistics on international financial transactions and balance of payments. Much of the financial data provided to the Human Development Report Office by other agencies originates from the IMF.

International Monetary Fund

Headquarters 1

700 19th Street, N.W.

Washington, D.C. 20431

Tel: + 1 (202) 623-7000

Fax: + 1 (202) 623-4661




IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union)

Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) provides data on trends in political participation and structures of democracy. The Human Development Report Office relies on the IPU for data relating to elections and information on women’s political representation.

Inter-Parliamentary Union

5, chemin du Pommier

Case postale 330

CH-1218 Le Grand-Saconnex / Geneva


Telephone: +41 22 919 41 50

Fax: +41 22 919 41 60




ITU (International Telecommunication Union)

International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is a specialized UN agency which among other activities maintains an extensive collection of statistics on information and communications. The data on trends in telecommunications come from its World Telecommunication Indicators database.

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

Place des Nations

1211 Geneva 20 Switzerland

Tel: +41 22 730 5111 (ITU Switchboard)

Fax: +41 22 733 7256




LIS (Luxembourg Income Study)

Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) is a cooperative research project with 25 member countries. The LIS focuses on poverty and policy issues. It is the source of income poverty estimates for many OECD countries.

17, rue des Pommiers

426 Eggers Hall

L-2343 Luxembourg

Tel: 352 26 00 30 20

Fax: 352 26 00 30 30



OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development)

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) publishes data on a variety of social and economic trends in its member countries as well as on flows of aid.


2, rue André Pascal

75775 Paris Cedex 16


Tel: +33 1 45 24 82 00

Fax: +33 1 45 24 85 00



Samoa Bureau of Statistics

Samoa Bureau of Statistics. 2013. Census tables.  Accessed 15 November 2014.

Samoa Bureau of Statistics (SBS)

Level 1 & Level 2

Government Building, Matagialalua

  1. O. Box 1151

Apia, SAMOA.

Tel: (685) 62000

Fax: (685) 24675



Statistics Timor-Leste

Timor-Leste Ministry of Finance. 2015. National accounts 2000–2013. Dili.  Accessed 25 June 2015.

Statistics Timor-Leste

Rua de Caicoli,

Apartado 10/PO Box 10

Dili, Timor-Leste

Tel: +670 3311348 or +670 333 9527




UNDESA (United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs)

UN Population Division. 2011. World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision. New York.  Accessed 15 October 2013.

———. 2013a. World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision. New York.  .  Accessed 15 April 2015.

———. 2013b. Trends in International Migrant Stock: The 2013 Revision. New York.  Accessed 15 April 2015.

———.2014. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2014 Revision, CD-ROM Edition.  Accessed 15 May 2015.

———.2015. World Population Prospects. Extracted from the database on 9 July 2015.




UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) Institute for Statistics

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is the source of data relating to education. The Human Development Report Office relies on data in UNESCO’s statistical publications as well as data received directly from its Institute for Statistics.

UNESCO Institute for Statistics

C.P. 6128 Succursale Centre-ville

Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3J7 Canada

Tel: (1-514) 343-6880

Fax: (1-514) 343-5740



UNESCWA (United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia)

UNESCWA (United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia). 2014. Survey of Economic and Social Developments in Western Asia, 2013-2014. Beirut.   Accessed 15 March 2015.

UNESCWA (United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia)

P.O. Box 11-8575, Riad el-Solh Square, Beirut, Lebanon

Tel: +961-1-981301

Fax: +961-1-981510



UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees)

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is the UN organization that provides data on refugees through its Statistical Yearbook or other on-line statistical publications.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

Case Postale 2500

CH-1211 Genève 2 Dépôt


Tel: +41 22 739 8111

Fax: +41 22 739 7377



UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund)

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) monitors the wellbeing of children and provides a wide array of data. Its State of the World’s Children report as well as its Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys are important sources of data for the Report.


3 United Nations Plaza

New York, New York 10017 U.S.A.

Tel: 1 212 326-7000

Fax: 887 7465



UN Maternal Mortality Estimation Group (World Health Organization, United Nations Children’s Fund, United Nations Population Fund and World Bank)

UN Maternal Mortality Estimation Group (World Health Organization, United Nations Children’s Fund, United Nations Population Fund and World Bank). 2014. Maternal mortality data  Accessed 15 April 2015.

UN Maternal Mortality Estimation Group



UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime)

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) carries out international comparative research to support to fight against illicit drugs and international crime. It provides data on crime victims from the International Crime Victims Surveys, on human trafficking and related conventions.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

Vienna International Centre

PO Box 500

A-1400 Vienna


Tel: + (43) (1) 26060

Fax: + (43) (1) 263-3389




UNSD (United Nations Statistics Division)

United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) provides a wide range of statistical outputs and services.

Much of the national accounts data provided to the Human Development Report Office by other agencies originates from the UNSD. Some of the energy indicators in the Report as well as the data for the Millennium Development Goals indicators are provided by UNSD.

Statistics Division

United Nations

New York, NY 10017

United States of America

Fax: +1 212 963 9851




UN Women

UN Women. 2014. “Violence against Women Prevalence Data: Surveys by Country.” New York. Accessed 19 November 2014.

UN Women

405 East 42nd Street

New York, NY 10017

United States

Tel: +1 646 781-4400

Fax: +1 646 781-4444



WHO (World Health Organization)

World Health Organization (WHO) maintains a large array of data series on health issues, the source for the health related indicators in the Report.

World Health Organization

Avenue Appia 20

1211 Geneva 27


Tel: + 41 22 791 21 11

Fax: + 41 22 791 31 11



World Bank

The World Bank produces and compiles data on economic trends as well as a broad array of other indicators. Its World Development Indicators is the primary source for many indicators in the Report, including economic indicators such as GDP and remittances.


The World Bank

1818 H Street, NW

Washington, DC 20433

Tel: (202) 473-1000

Fax: (202) 477-6391