This report explores the relationship between inclusive industrialization and sustainable human development in fostering decent jobs for women and youth, addressing informality and promoting sustainable urbanization. The slow pace of structural transformation could be counteracted by investing in industrial growth. For economic transformation to enhance human development will require the emergence of a modern economy that can generate wealth and by extension fulfill individual and collective needs by expanding human capabilities and extending human freedoms. The NHDR 2018 argues that the benefits and costs of the industrialization process in Ethiopia must be managed for inclusive growth: to advance human development; uphold the basic human rights of all as a means to end poverty; and expand the choices of Ethiopians
The Report’s theme is sustainable economic development, and the authorship team has chosen to emphasize two aspects of sustainability. The first is the importance of diversifying the economy, partially in response to oil’s status as an exhaustible resource. The second is the importance of taking into account environmental concerns in an effort to ensure the highest living standards for future generations. Both aspects constitute central tenets of Bahrain’s Economic Vision, and of the SDGs.
This special regional edition of the National Human Development Report has been prepared to provide a more in-depth understanding of both the causal root factors as well as the tragic consequences to Human life, following the decade-long ‘Boko Haram’ instigated conflict and violence. The Report also aims at proposing an alternate, if not novel and integrated framework model for unpacking and understanding the consequential ‘Humanitarian-Developmental-Peace Nexus’.
This human development report is a supra regional report for Ghana. The first regional report was for the Western Region (WR-HDR) in 2013 on the theme: ‘managing development opportunities for a secure future’. The report explored human development outcomes against the backdrop of abundant natural resources in the Western Region and its significant contribution to Ghana’s development. The current report focuses on Northern Ghana1 and explores human development outcomes in the context of significant socio-economic disparities in what has historically been the most marginalized area. The report was informed by analysis of data synthesized from existing literature and the results and a survey in 2014. It is hoped that the findings and recommendations will provide useful inputs for policy discussions and will be relevant for developing strategies for transformational change.