What is the policy relevance of these dashboards?
Dashboard 1: Quality of human development, contains a selection of 14 indicators associated with the quality of health, education and standard of living. By observing in which tercile group a country is, it is possible to understand the quality of main human development dimensions and propose policies that would lead to their better quality of human development.
Dashboard 2: Life-course gender gap, contains a selection of 12 key indicators that display gender gaps in choices and opportunities over the life course – childhood and youth (5 indicators): sex ratio at birth, gross enrolment ratio in pre-primary, primary and secondary school level, and youth unemployment rate; adulthood (6 indicators): population with at least some secondary education, total unemployment rate, female share of employment in nonagriculture, share of seats in parliament held by women, and time spent on unpaid domestic chores and care work; and older age (one indicator): old-age pension recipients. The indicators refer to health, education, labour market and work, political representation, time use and social protection. Most indicators (9) are presented as a ratio of female to male values, and three are presented only for women. Life-course gender gap dashboard could be an effective tool for measuring gender equality. The colour-coded table shows the levels and gender gaps over the life course on various indicators. Although this dashboard does not convey a definitive conclusion on country achievements as the composite indices, GDI and GII do, it is a useful tool to highlight the relative position of the country on various indicators of gender equality and human development and help policy analysts to picture the countries performance and inform policy makers about the possible improvements.
Dashboard 3: Women’s empowerment, contains a selection of 13 woman-specific empowerment indicators that allows empowerment to be compared across indicators and countries. Indicators represent three distinct empowerment dimensions – reproductive health and family planning (4 indicators), violence against girls and women (4 indicators), and socioeconomic empowerment (5 indicators). Most countries have at least one indicator in each tercile, which implies that women’s empowerment is unequal across indicators and across countries. This dashboard is a good analytic tool, which can direct efforts of the government, civil society, advocates and other interested parties to better focus on areas of women’s empowerment in which a country is lagging behind others.
Dashboard 4: Environmental sustainability, contains a selection of 11 indicators that cover environmental sustainability and environmental threats. On environmental sustainability there are 7 level and change indicators related to energy consumption, carbon dioxide emissions, change in forest area and fresh water withdrawals. Four environmental threats indicators are mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution and to unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene service, share of total land area that is considered as degraded land, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural resources’ Red List Index that measures aggregate extinction risk across groups of species. This dashboard can serve as a good tool for evaluation of progress towards environmental sustainability. The colour-coded table shows the levels and/or changes on these indicators, clearly indicating areas that are lagging behind others and which need new policies and regulations.
Dashboard 5: Socioeconomic sustainability, contains a selection of 11 indicators that cover economic and social sustainability. The 6 economic sustainability indicators are: adjusted net savings, total debt service, gross capital formation, skilled labour force, diversity of exports and expenditure on research and development. The 4 social sustainability indicators are: the ratio of education and health expenditure to military expenditure, change in overall loss in HDI value due to inequality, and changes in gender and income inequality. In this dashboard no conclusive relationship between socioeconomic sustainability and the level of human development index has emerged. A country performing well on economic sustainability does not guaranty it can as well keep the same level of performance on social sustainable development. This dashboard seems to be an appropriate vehicle for data visualization and dissemination aimed at aiding policy analysts and policy makers in policy changes leading to sustainable development.