Dashboard 3: Women’s empowerment

Dashboard 3: Women’s empowerment, contains a selection of 13 woman-specific empowerment indicators that allows empowerment to be compared across indicators and countries. Indicators represent three distinct empowerment dimensions – reproductive health and family planning (four indicators): Antenatal care, at least one visit; proportions of births attended by skilled health personnel; contraceptive prevalence, any method; unmet need for family planning; violence against girls and women (four indicators): child marriage, prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting among girls and women, violence against women ever experienced by intimate partner, violence against women ever experience by nonintimate partner; and socioeconomic empowerment (five indicators): female share of graduates in science, technology, engineering and mathematics at the tertiary level; share of graduates from science, technology, engineering and mathematics at the tertiary level who are female; female share of employment in senior and middle management; women with account at financial institution or with mobile money-service provider; and mandatory paid maternity leave. Most countries have at least one indicator in each tercile, which implies that women’s empowerment is unequal across indicators and across countries. Based on the performance on each indicator, countries are divided into three groups of approximately equal sizes (terciles) – the top third, the middle third and the bottom third. Three-colour coding visualizes a partial grouping of countries by indicator. It can be seen as a simple visualization tool as it helps the users to immediately picture the country’s performance. Cut-off values that are defined by terciles of distribution of each indicator are given in Technical note 6.