Dashboard 2: Life-course gender gap

Dashboard 2: Life-course gender gap, contains a selection of 12 key indicators that display gender gaps in choices and opportunities over the life course – childhood and youth (five indicators): sex ratio at birth, gross enrolment ratio in pre-primary, primary and secondary school level, and youth unemployment rate; adulthood (six indicators): population with at least some secondary education, total unemployment rate, female share of employment in nonagriculture, share of seats in parliament held by women, and time spent on unpaid domestic chores and care work; and older age (one indicator): old-age pension recipients. The indicators refer to health, education, labour market and work, political representation, time use and social protection. Most indicators (9) are presented as a ratio of female to male values, and three are presented only for women. Based on the performance on each indicator, countries are grouped partially by their performance in each indicator into three groups of approximately equal size (terciles) with the exception of sex ratio at birth—countries are grouped into two groups: the natural group (countries with a value between 1.04-1.07, inclusive) and the gender-biased group (all other countries). Three-colour coding visualizes a partial grouping of countries by indicator. It can be seen as a simple visualization tool as it helps the users to immediately picture the country’s performance. Cut-off values that are defined by terciles of distribution of each indicator are given in Technical note 6.