Table 2: Trends in the Human Development Index, 1990-2014

    Human Development Index (HDI) HDI Rank Average annual HDI growth
HDI rank Country Value   Change (%)
 
 
1990
2000
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2013
2009 –


2014
a
1990–


2000
2000–


2010
2010–


2014
1990–


2014
  VERY HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
1 Norway 0.849 0.917 0.940 0.941 0.942 0.942 0.944 1 0 0.77 0.25 0.11 0.44
2 Australia 0.865 0.898 0.927 0.930 0.932 0.933 0.935 2 0 0.36 0.33 0.20 0.32
3 Switzerland 0.831 0.888 0.924 0.925 0.927 0.928 0.930 3 0 0.67 0.40 0.14 0.47
4 Denmark 0.799 0.862 0.908 0.920 0.921 0.923 0.923 4 1 0.76 0.53 0.41 0.61
5 Netherlands 0.829 0.877 0.909 0.919 0.920 0.920 0.922 5 0 0.56 0.36 0.34 0.44
6 Germany 0.801 0.855 0.906 0.911 0.915 0.915 0.916 6 3 0.66 0.58 0.26 0.56
6 Ireland 0.770 0.861 0.908 0.909 0.910 0.912 0.916 8 -2 1.12 0.54 0.21 0.72
8 United States 0.859 0.883 0.909 0.911 0.912 0.913 0.915 7

-3

0.28 0.28 0.18 0.26
9 Canada 0.849 0.867 0.903 0.909 0.910 0.912 0.913 8 1 0.22 0.41 0.28 0.31
9 New Zealand 0.820 0.874 0.905 0.907 0.909 0.911 0.913 10 -1 0.64 0.35 0.24 0.45
11 Singapore 0.718 0.819 0.897 0.903 0.905 0.909 0.912 11 11 1.33 0.92 0.41 1.00
12 Hong Kong, China (SAR) 0.781 0.825 0.898 0.902 0.906 0.908 0.910 12 2 0.55 0.85 0.32 0.64
13 Liechtenstein .. .. 0.902 0.903 0.906 0.907 0.908 13 -2 .. .. 0.14 ..
14 Sweden 0.815 0.897 0.901 0.903 0.904 0.905 0.907 14 -1 0.96 0.04 0.16 0.45
14 United Kingdom 0.773 0.865 0.906 0.901 0.901 0.902 0.907 15 -2 1.13 0.46 0.02 0.67
16 Iceland 0.802 0.859 0.892 0.896 0.897 0.899 0.899 16 -1 0.69 0.38 0.20 0.48
17 Korea (Republic of) 0.731 0.821 0.886 0.891 0.893 0.895 0.898 17 0 1.16 0.77 0.33 0.86
18 Israel 0.785 0.850 0.883 0.888 0.890 0.893 0.894 18 1 0.80 0.38 0.31 0.54
19 Luxembourg 0.779 0.851 0.886 0.888 0.888 0.890 0.892 19 -3 0.88 0.41 0.16 0.56
20 Japan 0.814 0.857 0.884 0.886 0.888 0.890 0.891 19 -3 0.51 0.31 0.18 0.37
21 Belgium 0.806 0.874 0.883 0.886 0.889 0.888 0.890 21

-2

0.81 0.10 0.21 0.41
22 France 0.779 0.848 0.881 0.884 0.886 0.887 0.888 22 -1 0.85 0.38 0.20 0.55
23 Austria 0.794 0.836 0.879 0.881 0.884 0.884 0.885 23 1 0.53 0.50 0.17 0.46
24 Finland 0.783 0.857 0.878 0.881 0.882 0.882 0.883 24 -1 0.90 0.25 0.13 0.50
25 Slovenia 0.766 0.824 0.876 0.877 0.878 0.878 0.880 25 -1 0.73 0.61 0.13 0.58
26 Spain 0.756 0.827 0.867 0.870 0.874 0.874 0.876 26 2 0.90 0.47 0.27 0.62
27 Italy 0.766 0.829 0.869 0.873 0.872 0.873 0.873 27 -1 0.79 0.47 0.13 0.55
28 Czech Republic 0.761 0.821 0.863 0.866 0.867 0.868 0.870 28 0 0.76 0.50 0.21 0.56
29 Greece 0.759 0.799 0.866 0.864 0.865 0.863 0.865 29 -2 0.51 0.81 -0.04 0.55
30 Estonia 0.726 0.780 0.838 0.849 0.855 0.859 0.861 30 3 0.73 0.71 0.69 0.71
31 Brunei Darussalam 0.782 0.819 0.843 0.847 0.852 0.852 0.856 31 1 0.46 0.29 0.37 0.38
32 Cyprus 0.733 0.800 0.848 0.852 0.852 0.850 0.850 32 -2 0.87 0.59 0.04 0.62
32 Qatar 0.754 0.809 0.844 0.841 0.848 0.849 0.850 33 -1 0.71 0.42 0.18 0.50
34 Andorra .. .. 0.823 0.821 0.844 0.844 0.845 34 .. .. .. 0.66 ..
35 Slovakia 0.738 0.763 0.827 0.832 0.836 0.839 0.844 36 3 0.34 0.82 0.48 0.56
36 Poland 0.713 0.786 0.829 0.833 0.838 0.840 0.843 35 1 0.99 0.53 0.41 0.70
37 Lithuania 0.730 0.754 0.827 0.831 0.833 0.837 0.839 37 -1 0.32 0.93 0.38 0.58
37 Malta 0.729 0.766 0.824 0.822 0.830 0.837 0.839 37 4 0.49 0.74 0.45 0.59
39 Saudi Arabia 0.690 0.744 0.805 0.816 0.826 0.836 0.837 39 10 0.76 0.79 1.00 0.81
40 Argentina 0.705 0.762 0.811 0.818 0.831 0.833 0.836 40 7 0.78 0.62 0.75 0.71
41 United Arab Emirates 0.726 0.797 0.828 0.829 0.831 0.833 0.835 40 -6 0.94 0.39 0.21 0.59
42 Chile 0.699 0.752 0.814 0.821 0.827 0.830 0.832 42 2 0.74 0.79 0.56 0.73
43 Portugal 0.710 0.782 0.819 0.825 0.827 0.828 0.830 43 0 0.97 0.47 0.33 0.65
44 Hungary 0.703 0.769 0.821 0.823 0.823 0.825 0.828 44 -4 0.90 0.67 0.21 0.69
45 Bahrain 0.746 0.794 0.819 0.817 0.819 0.821 0.824 45 -6 0.62 0.32 0.14 0.41
46 Latvia 0.692 0.727 0.811 0.812 0.813 0.816 0.819 47 -5 0.49 1.09 0.25 0.70
47 Croatia 0.670 0.749 0.807 0.814 0.817 0.817 0.818 46 -1 1.12 0.75 0.32 0.83
48 Kuwait 0.715 0.804 0.809 0.812 0.815 0.816 0.816 47 -3 1.18 0.06 0.23 0.55
49 Montenegro .. .. 0.792 0.798 0.798 0.801 0.802 49 1 .. .. 0.32 ..
  HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
50 Belarus .. 0.683 0.786 0.793 0.796 0.796 0.798 51 4 .. 1.41 0.39 ..
50 Russian Federation 0.729 0.717 0.783 0.790 0.795 0.797 0.798 50 8 -0.17 0.88 0.47 0.38
52 Oman .. .. 0.795 0.793 0.793 0.792 0.793 52 -4 .. .. -0.06 ..
52 Romania 0.703 0.706 0.784 0.786 0.788 0.791 0.793 53 -1 0.04 1.06 0.26 0.50
52 Uruguay 0.692 0.742 0.780 0.784 0.788 0.790 0.793 54 4 0.70 0.50 0.40 0.57
55 Bahamas .. 0.778 0.774 0.778 0.783 0.786 0.790 55 2 .. -0.06 0.51 ..
56 Kazakhstan 0.690 0.679 0.766 0.772 0.778 0.785 0.788 56 6 -0.15 1.20 0.73 0.56
57 Barbados 0.716 0.753 0.780 0.786 0.793 0.785 0.785 56 -3 0.50 0.36 0.18 0.39
58 Antigua and Barbuda .. .. 0.782 0.778 0.781 0.781 0.783 58 -6 .. .. 0.03 ..
59 Bulgaria 0.695 0.713 0.773 0.775 0.778 0.779 0.782 59 0 0.26 0.81 0.29 0.49
60 Palau .. 0.743 0.767 0.770 0.775 0.775 0.780 62 0 .. 0.31 0.44 ..
60 Panama 0.656 0.714 0.761 0.759 0.772 0.777 0.780 60 4 0.85 0.64 0.61 0.72
62 Malaysia 0.641 0.723 0.769 0.772 0.774 0.777 0.779 60 1 1.21 0.62 0.32 0.82
63 Mauritius 0.619 0.674 0.756 0.762 0.772 0.775 0.777 62 6 0.86 1.15 0.68 0.95
64 Seychelles .. 0.715 0.743 0.752 0.761 0.767 0.772 68 8 .. 0.39 0.97 ..
64 Trinidad and Tobago 0.673 0.717 0.772 0.767 0.769 0.771 0.772 64 -4 0.63 0.74 0.01 0.57
66 Serbia 0.714 0.710 0.757 0.761 0.762 0.771 0.771 64 -1 -0.05 0.65 0.45 0.32
67 Cuba 0.675 0.685 0.778 0.776 0.772 0.768 0.769 66 -14 0.15 1.28 -0.28 0.54
67 Lebanon .. .. 0.756 0.761 0.761 0.768 0.769 66 1 .. .. 0.43 ..
69 Costa Rica 0.652 0.704 0.750 0.756 0.761 0.764 0.766 69 1 0.77 0.64 0.52 0.67
69 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 0.567 0.665 0.743 0.751 0.764 0.764 0.766 69 7 1.62 1.11 0.74 1.26
71 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 0.635 0.673 0.757 0.761 0.764 0.764 0.762 69 -4 0.59 1.17 0.18 0.76
72 Turkey 0.576 0.653 0.738 0.751 0.756 0.759 0.761 72 16 1.26 1.23 0.79 1.17
73 Sri Lanka 0.620 0.679 0.738 0.743 0.749 0.752 0.757 74 5 0.91 0.85 0.62 0.83
74 Mexico 0.648 0.699 0.746 0.748 0.754 0.755 0.756 73 -2 0.77 0.65 0.35 0.65
75 Brazil 0.608 0.683 0.737 0.742 0.746 0.752 0.755 74 3 1.18 0.76 0.60 0.91
76 Georgia .. 0.672 0.735 0.740 0.747 0.750 0.754 76 4 .. 0.89 0.65 ..
77 Saint Kitts and Nevis .. .. 0.739 0.741 0.743 0.747 0.752 79 .. .. .. 0.44 ..
78 Azerbaijan .. 0.640 0.741 0.742 0.745 0.749 0.751 77 -2 .. 1.46 0.35 ..
79 Grenada .. .. 0.737 0.739 0.740 0.742 0.750 82 .. .. .. 0.43 ..
80 Jordan 0.623 0.705 0.743 0.743 0.746 0.748 0.748 78 -8 1.25 0.53 0.17 0.77
81 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia .. .. 0.738 0.742 0.743 0.744 0.747 81 -2 .. .. 0.31 ..
81 Ukraine 0.705 0.668 0.732 0.738 0.743 0.746 0.747 80 2 -0.54 0.92 0.51 0.24
83 Algeria 0.574 0.640 0.725 0.730 0.732 0.734 0.736 84 4 1.09 1.26 0.35 1.04
84 Peru 0.613 0.677 0.718 0.722 0.728 0.732 0.734 85 15 1.00 0.58 0.57 0.75
85 Albania 0.624 0.656 0.722 0.728 0.729 0.732 0.733 85 2 0.50 0.96 0.35 0.67
85 Armenia 0.632 0.648 0.721 0.723 0.728 0.731 0.733 87 1 0.24 1.08 0.41 0.62
85 Bosnia and Herzegovina .. .. 0.710 0.724 0.726 0.729 0.733 89 2 .. .. 0.78 ..
88 Ecuador 0.645 0.674 0.717 0.723 0.727 0.730 0.732 88 5 0.45 0.61 0.52 0.53
89 Saint Lucia .. 0.683 0.730 0.730 0.730 0.729 0.729 89 -5 .. 0.66 -0.02 ..
90 China 0.501 0.588 0.699 0.707 0.718 0.723 0.727 93 13 1.62 1.74 1.02 1.57
90 Fiji 0.631 0.678 0.717 0.720 0.722 0.724 0.727 91 1 0.72 0.56 0.36 0.59
90 Mongolia 0.578 0.589 0.695 0.706 0.714 0.722 0.727 95 14 0.18 1.68 1.11 0.96
93 Thailand 0.572 0.648 0.716 0.721 0.723 0.724 0.726 91 3 1.25 1.00 0.35 1.00
94 Dominica .. 0.694 0.723 0.723 0.723 0.723 0.724 93 -10 .. 0.41 0.03 ..
94 Libya 0.679 0.731 0.756 0.711 0.745 0.738 0.724 83 -27 0.75 0.34 -1.07 0.27
96 Tunisia 0.567 0.654 0.714 0.715 0.719 0.720 0.721 96 -1 1.43 0.88 0.26 1.00
97 Colombia 0.596 0.654 0.706 0.713 0.715 0.718 0.720 97 3 0.93 0.76 0.50 0.79
97 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines .. 0.674 0.711 0.713 0.715 0.717 0.720 98 -5 .. 0.55 0.30 ..
99 Jamaica 0.671 0.700 0.727 0.727 0.723 0.717 0.719 98 -23 0.42 0.38 -0.30 0.28
100 Tonga 0.650 0.671 0.713 0.716 0.717 0.716 0.717 100 -4 0.32 0.60 0.14 0.41
101 Belize 0.644 0.683 0.709 0.711 0.716 0.715 0.715 101 -7 0.59 0.38 0.19 0.43
101 Dominican Republic 0.596 0.655 0.701 0.704 0.708 0.711 0.715 103 0 0.95 0.68 0.50 0.76
103 Suriname .. .. 0.707 0.709 0.711 0.713 0.714 102 -5 .. .. 0.24 ..
104 Maldives .. 0.603 0.683 0.690 0.695 0.703 0.706 104 2 .. 1.25 0.86 ..
105 Samoa 0.621 0.649 0.696 0.698 0.700 0.701 0.702 105 -3 0.45 0.70 0.21 0.52
  MEDIUM HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
106 Botswana 0.584 0.561 0.681 0.688 0.691 0.696 0.698 106 1 -0.41 1.96 0.61 0.74
107 Moldova (Republic of) 0.652 0.597 0.672 0.679 0.683 0.690 0.693 107 2 -0.87 1.19 0.78 0.26
108 Egypt 0.546 0.622 0.681 0.682 0.688 0.689 0.690 108 -3 1.31 0.90 0.33 0.98
109 Turkmenistan .. .. 0.666 0.671 0.677 0.682 0.688 109 .. .. .. 0.80 ..
110 Gabon 0.620 0.632 0.663 0.668 0.673 0.679 0.684 111 1 0.20 0.48 0.76 0.41
110 Indonesia 0.531 0.606 0.665 0.671 0.678 0.681 0.684 110 3 1.34 0.92 0.71 1.06
112 Paraguay 0.579 0.623 0.668 0.671 0.669 0.677 0.679 113 -1 0.74 0.70 0.41 0.67
113 Palestine, State of .. .. 0.670 0.675 0.685 0.679 0.677 111 -4 .. .. 0.29 ..
114 Uzbekistan .. 0.594 0.655 0.661 0.668 0.672 0.675 114 0 .. 0.98 0.77 ..
115 Philippines 0.586 0.623 0.654 0.653 0.657 0.664 0.668 115 -1 0.61 0.50 0.52 0.55
116 El Salvador 0.522 0.603 0.653 0.658 0.662 0.664 0.666 115 0 1.46 0.79 0.50 1.02
116 South Africa 0.621 0.632 0.643 0.651 0.659 0.663 0.666 117 4 0.17 0.18 0.87 0.29
116 Viet Nam 0.475 0.575 0.653 0.657 0.660 0.663 0.666 117 1 1.92 1.29 0.47 1.41
119 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 0.536 0.603 0.641 0.647 0.654 0.658 0.662 119 2 1.19 0.61 0.79 0.88
120 Kyrgyzstan 0.615 0.593 0.634 0.639 0.645 0.652 0.655 121 3 -0.37 0.68 0.84 0.26
121 Iraq 0.572 0.606 0.645 0.648 0.654 0.657 0.654 120 -2 0.58 0.62 0.34 0.56
122 Cabo Verde .. 0.572 0.629 0.637 0.639 0.643 0.646 122 2 .. 0.96 0.66 ..
123 Micronesia (Federated States of) .. 0.603 0.638 0.640 0.641 0.639 0.640 123 -2 .. 0.56 0.06 ..
124 Guyana 0.542 0.602 0.624 0.630 0.629 0.634 0.636 124 1 1.05 0.36 0.47 0.66
125 Nicaragua 0.495 0.565 0.619 0.623 0.625 0.628 0.631 125 1 1.34 0.91 0.51 1.02
126 Morocco 0.457 0.528 0.611 0.621 0.623 0.626 0.628 126 5 1.44 1.48 0.69 1.33
126 Namibia 0.578 0.556 0.610 0.616 0.620 0.625 0.628 128 3 -0.39 0.94 0.70 0.35
128 Guatemala 0.483 0.552 0.611 0.617 0.624 0.626 0.627 126 0 1.35 1.03 0.65 1.10
129 Tajikistan 0.616 0.535 0.608 0.612 0.617 0.621 0.624 129 1 -1.39 1.28 0.68 0.06
130 India 0.428 0.496 0.586 0.597 0.600 0.604 0.609 131 6 1.49 1.67 0.97 1.48
131 Honduras 0.507 0.557 0.610 0.612 0.607 0.604 0.606 131 -4 0.95 0.91 -0.16 0.75
132 Bhutan .. .. 0.573 0.582 0.589 0.595 0.605 134 .. .. .. 1.39 ..
133 Timor-Leste .. 0.468 0.600 0.611 0.604 0.601 0.595 133 1 .. 2.51 -0.22 ..
134 Syrian Arab Republic 0.553 0.586 0.639 0.635 0.623 0.608 0.594 130 -15 0.58 0.88 -1.82 0.30
134 Vanuatu .. .. 0.589 0.590 0.590 0.592 0.594 135 1 .. .. 0.19 ..
136 Congo 0.534 0.489 0.554 0.560 0.575 0.582 0.591 138 2 -0.87 1.25 1.61 0.42
137 Kiribati .. .. 0.588 0.585 0.587 0.588 0.590 136 -1 .. .. 0.09 ..
138 Equatorial Guinea .. 0.526 0.591 0.590 0.584 0.584 0.587 137 -5 .. 1.18 -0.18 ..
139 Zambia 0.403 0.433 0.555 0.565 0.576 0.580 0.586 139 1 0.71 2.52 1.36 1.57
140 Ghana 0.456 0.485 0.554 0.566 0.572 0.577 0.579 140 2 0.63 1.33 1.13 1.00
141 Lao People's Democratic Republic 0.397 0.462 0.539 0.552 0.562 0.570 0.575 141 2 1.51 1.56 1.62 1.55
142 Bangladesh 0.386 0.468 0.546 0.559 0.563 0.567 0.570 142 0 1.94 1.57 1.07 1.64
143 Cambodia 0.364 0.419 0.536 0.541 0.546 0.550 0.555 144 1 1.40 2.50 0.87 1.77
143 Sao Tome and Principe 0.455 0.491 0.544 0.548 0.552 0.553 0.555 143 -2 0.76 1.02 0.52 0.83
  LOW HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
145 Kenya 0.473 0.447 0.529 0.535 0.539 0.544 0.548 145 0 -0.58 1.70 0.92 0.62
145 Nepal 0.384 0.451 0.531 0.536 0.540 0.543 0.548 146 3 1.62 1.64 0.78 1.49
147 Pakistan 0.399 0.444 0.522 0.527 0.532 0.536 0.538 147 0 1.07 1.62 0.79 1.25
148 Myanmar 0.352 0.425 0.520 0.524 0.528 0.531 0.536 148 1 1.90 2.03 0.72 1.76
149 Angola .. 0.390 0.509 0.521 0.524 0.530 0.532 149 1 .. 2.70 1.11 ..
150 Swaziland 0.536 0.496 0.525 0.528 0.529 0.530 0.531 149 -5 -0.78 0.57 0.28 -0.04
151 Tanzania (United Republic of) 0.369 0.392 0.500 0.506 0.510 0.516 0.521 151 2 0.60 2.46 1.05 1.44
152 Nigeria .. .. 0.493 0.499 0.505 0.510 0.514 152 2 .. .. 1.06 ..
153 Cameroon 0.443 0.437 0.486 0.496 0.501 0.507 0.512 154 6 -0.13 1.07 1.32 0.61
154 Madagascar .. 0.456 0.504 0.505 0.507 0.508 0.510 153 -4 .. 1.02 0.27 ..
155 Zimbabwe 0.499 0.428 0.461 0.474 0.491 0.501 0.509 158 12 -1.53 0.75 2.50 0.08
156 Mauritania 0.373 0.442 0.488 0.489 0.498 0.504 0.506 156 1 1.71 0.98 0.92 1.28
156 Solomon Islands .. 0.446 0.494 0.501 0.504 0.505 0.506 155 -2 .. 1.02 0.57 ..
158 Papua New Guinea 0.353 0.424 0.493 0.497 0.501 0.503 0.505 157 -2 1.87 1.51 0.60 1.51
159 Comoros .. .. 0.488 0.493 0.499 0.501 0.503 158 -1 .. .. 0.75 ..
160 Yemen 0.400 0.441 0.496 0.495 0.496 0.498 0.498 160 -8 0.99 1.19 0.08 0.92
161 Lesotho 0.493 0.443 0.472 0.480 0.484 0.494 0.497 161 1 -1.05 0.62 1.30 0.03
162 Togo 0.404 0.426 0.459 0.468 0.470 0.473 0.484 167 3 0.52 0.76 1.29 0.75
163 Haiti 0.417 0.442 0.471 0.475 0.479 0.481 0.483 162 -3 0.58 0.62 0.67 0.61
163 Rwanda 0.244 0.333 0.453 0.464 0.476 0.479 0.483 163 5 3.16 3.13 1.61 2.89
163 Uganda 0.308 0.393 0.473 0.473 0.476 0.478 0.483 164 -2 2.47 1.86 0.51 1.89
166 Benin 0.344 0.392 0.468 0.473 0.475 0.477 0.480 165 -2 1.33 1.78 0.64 1.40
167 Sudan 0.331 0.400 0.465 0.466 0.476 0.477 0.479 165 -5 1.90 1.52 0.74 1.55
168 Djibouti .. 0.365 0.453 0.462 0.465 0.468 0.470 168 0 .. 2.17 0.97 ..
169 South Sudan .. .. 0.470 0.458 0.457 0.461 0.467 171 .. .. .. -0.15 ..
170 Senegal 0.367 0.380 0.456 0.458 0.461 0.463 0.466 170 -3 0.36 1.83 0.55 1.00
171 Afghanistan ma
0.297
0.334 0.448 0.456 0.463 0.464 0.465 169 0 1.20 2.97 0.97 1.89
172 Côte d'Ivoire 0.389 0.398 0.444 0.445 0.452 0.458 0.462 172 a 0 0.23 1.12 0.98 0.72
173 Malawi 0.284 0.340 0.420 0.429 0.433 0.439 0.445 174 2 1.83 2.14 1.49 1.90
174 Ethiopia .. 0.284 0.412 0.423 0.429 0.436 0.442 175 2 .. 3.78 1.78 ..
175 Gambia 0.330 0.384 0.441 0.437 0.440 0.442 0.441 173 -2 1.55 1.38 -0.02 1.22
176 Congo (Democratic Republic of the) 0.355 0.329 0.408 0.418 0.423 0.430 0.433 176 3 -0.77 2.18 1.52 0.83
177 Liberia .. 0.359 0.405 0.414 0.419 0.424 0.430 177 1 .. 1.20 1.50 ..
178 Guinea-Bissau .. .. 0.413 0.417 0.417 0.418 0.420 178 -4 .. .. 0.42 ..
179 Mali 0.233 0.313 0.409 0.415 0.414 0.416 0.419 179 -3 2.97 2.73 0.61 2.47
180 Mozambique 0.218 0.300 0.401 0.405 0.408 0.413 0.416 180 0 3.25 2.96 0.94 2.74
181 Sierra Leone 0.262 0.299 0.388 0.394 0.397 0.408 0.413 182 0 1.32 2.63 1.59 1.91
182 Guinea .. 0.323 0.388 0.399 0.409 0.411 0.411 181 1 .. 1.83 1.50 ..
183 Burkina Faso .. .. 0.378 0.385 0.393 0.396 0.402 184 2 .. .. 1.58 ..
184 Burundi 0.295 0.301 0.390 0.392 0.395 0.397 0.400 183 0 0.20 2.62 0.66 1.28
185 Chad .. 0.332 0.371 0.382 0.386 0.388 0.392 186 1 .. 1.12 1.37 ..
186 Eritrea .. .. 0.381 0.386 0.390 0.390 0.391 185 -5 .. .. 0.62 ..
187 Central African Republic 0.314 0.310 0.362 0.368 0.373 0.348 0.350 187 0 -0.14 1.58 -0.84 0.45
188 Niger 0.214 0.257 0.326 0.333 0.342 0.345 0.348 188 0 1.85 2.40 1.69 2.05
  OTHER COUNTRIES OR TERRITORIES
  Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
  Marshall Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
  Monaco .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
  Nauru .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
  San Marino .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
  Somalia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
  Tuvalu .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
                             
  Human development groups
                         
  Very high human development 0.801 0.851 0.887 0.890 0.893 0.895 0.896 0.61 0.42 0.26 0.47
  High human development 0.592 0.642 0.723 0.730 0.737 0.741 0.744 0.81 1.20 0.71 0.95
  Medium human development 0.473 0.537 0.611 0.619 0.623 0.627 0.630 1.28 1.29 0.78 1.20
  Low human development 0.368 0.404 0.487 0.492 0.497 0.502 0.505 0.92 1.90 0.92 1.32
                             
  Developing countries
0.513 0.568 0.642 0.649 0.654 0.658 0.660 1.02 1.23 0.70 1.06
                             
  Regions
                         
  Arab States 0.553 0.613 0.676 0.679 0.684 0.686 0.686 1.02 0.99 0.38 0.90
  East Asia and the Pacific 0.516 0.593 0.686 0.693 0.702 0.707 0.710 1.39 1.48 0.87 1.34
  Europe and Central Asia 0.651 0.665 0.731 0.739 0.743 0.746 0.748 0.22 0.94 0.59 0.58
  Latin America and the Caribbean 0.625 0.684 0.734 0.738 0.743 0.745 0.748 0.91 0.70 0.47 0.75
  South Asia 0.437 0.503 0.586 0.596 0.599 0.603 0.607 1.42 1.55 0.86 1.38
  Sub-Saharan Africa 0.400 0.422 0.499 0.505 0.510 0.514 0.518 0.54 1.68 0.94 1.08
                             
  Least developed countries
0.348 0.399 0.484 0.491 0.495 0.499 0.502 1.39 1.95 0.92 1.54
  Small island developing states
0.574 0.607 0.656 0.658 0.658 0.658 0.660 0.56 0.79 0.13 0.59
                             
  Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
0.785 0.834 0.872 0.875 0.877 0.879 0.880 0.61 0.44 0.24 0.48
                             
  World
0.597 0.641 0.697 0.703 0.707 0.709 0.711 0.71 0.85 0.47 0.73

Notes
a. A positive value indicates an improvement in rank.

Definitions
Human Development Index (HDI): A composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development—a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living. See Technical note 1 http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2015_technical_notes.pdf for details on how the HDI is calculated.
Average annual HDI growth: A smoothed annualized growth of the HDI in a given period, calculated as the annual compound growth rate.

Main data sources
Columns 1–7: HDRO calculations based on data from UNDESA (2015), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2015), United Nations Statistics Division (2015), World Bank (2015a), Barro and Lee (2014) and IMF (2015).
Column 8: Calculated based on data in column 6.
Column 9: Calculated based on HDI data from HDRO and data in column 7.
Columns 10–13: Calculated based on data in columns 1, 2, 3 and 7.