Table 3: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index

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List of surveys used for estimation of inequality in education and income

Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI) Coefficient of human inequality Inequality in life expectancy Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index Inequality in educationa Inequality-adjusted education index Inequality in incomea Inequality-adjusted income index Income inequality
Value Overall loss (%) Difference from HDI rankb (%) Value (%) Value (%) Value Quintile ratio Palma ratio Gini coefficient
Country 2014 2014 2014 2014 2010–2015c 2014 2014d 2014 2014d 2014 2005–2013e 2005–2013e 2005–2013
VERY HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
1 Norway 0.893 5.4 0 5.3 3.4 0.916 2.3 0.886 10.2 0.878 4.0 0.9 26.8
2 Australia 0.858 8.2 -2 7.9 4.2 0.920 1.9 0.914 17.7 0.752 5.8 1.3 34.0
3 Switzerland 0.861 7.4 0 7.3 3.9 0.931 5.7 0.816 12.3 0.839 5.2 1.2 32.4
4 Denmark 0.856 7.3 -1 7.1 4.0 0.889 3.0 0.897 14.4 0.787 4.0 0.9 26.9
5 Netherlands 0.861 6.6 3 6.5 3.9 0.911 4.1 0.858 11.6 0.817 4.5 1.0 28.9
6 Germany 0.853 6.9 0 6.7 3.7 0.902 2.4 0.871 14.1 0.790 4.7 1.1 30.6
6 Ireland 0.836 8.6 -3 8.5 3.7 0.902 5.4 0.858 16.3 0.756 5.3 1.2 32.1
8 United States 0.760 17.0 -20 15.7 6.2 0.853 5.3 0.842 35.6 0.610 9.8 2.0 41.1
9 Canada 0.832 8.8 -2 8.6 4.6 0.910 3.9 0.841 17.4 0.754 5.8 1.3 33.7
9 New Zealand .. .. .. .. 4.8 0.905 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
11 Singapore .. .. .. .. 2.8 0.942 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12 Hong Kong, China (SAR) .. .. .. .. 2.8 0.957 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
13 Liechtenstein .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
14 Sweden 0.846 6.7 3 6.5 3.1 0.927 3.5 0.813 13.1 0.804 3.7 0.9 26.1
14 United Kingdom 0.829 8.6 -2 8.4 4.5 0.892 2.8 0.860 17.8 0.742 7.6 1.7 38.0
16 Iceland 0.846 5.9 4 5.8 2.8 0.936 2.4 0.832 12.2 0.777 3.8 0.9 26.3
17 Korea (Republic of) 0.751 16.4 -19 15.9 3.9 0.915 25.5 0.644 18.4 0.718 .. .. ..
18 Israel 0.775 13.4 -9 12.9 3.8 0.923 9.9 0.776 25.0 0.649 10.3 2.2 42.8
19 Luxembourg 0.822 7.9 0 7.7 3.3 0.918 6.0 0.729 13.9 0.829 .. .. ..
20 Japan 0.780 12.4 -5 12.2 3.2 0.945 19.8 0.649 13.5 0.773 5.4 1.2 32.1
21 Belgium 0.820 7.9 1 7.9 3.9 0.899 8.1 0.762 11.6 0.804 5.0 1.3 33.1
22 France 0.811 8.7 0 8.6 4.0 0.919 8.0 0.751 13.9 0.772 5.1 1.2 31.7
23 Austria 0.816 7.8 2 7.6 3.7 0.909 3.5 0.771 15.5 0.777 4.6 1.1 30.0
24 Finland 0.834 5.5 10 5.5 3.5 0.902 2.1 0.800 10.8 0.803 4.0 1.0 27.8
25 Slovenia 0.829 5.9 8 5.8 3.8 0.894 2.6 0.840 11.0 0.757 3.6 0.8 24.9
26 Spain 0.775 11.5 0 11.0 3.9 0.926 5.2 0.759 23.9 0.663 7.6 1.4 35.8
27 Italy 0.773 11.5 -1 11.3 3.4 0.938 10.6 0.700 19.8 0.702 6.9 1.4 35.5
28 Czech Republic 0.823 5.4 10 5.3 3.7 0.868 1.4 0.854 11.0 0.751 3.9 0.9 26.4
29 Greece 0.758 12.4 -5 12.1 4.0 0.899 11.6 0.735 20.6 0.660 6.4 1.4 34.7
30 Estonia 0.782 9.2 6 8.9 5.6 0.825 2.4 0.853 18.6 0.680 5.6 1.2 32.7
31 Brunei Darussalam .. .. .. .. 4.4 0.865 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
32 Cyprus 0.758 10.7 -2 10.6 3.7 0.892 13.1 0.673 15.0 0.727 .. .. ..
32 Qatar .. .. .. .. 6.0 0.841 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
34 Andorra .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
35 Slovakia 0.791 6.2 9 6.2 5.6 0.818 1.5 0.813 11.3 0.744 4.1 0.9 26.6
36 Poland 0.760 9.8 2 9.6 5.7 0.833 5.6 0.778 17.5 0.678 5.2 1.3 32.8
37 Lithuania 0.754 10.1 -1 10.0 6.6 0.766 5.9 0.817 17.5 0.686 5.7 1.2 32.6
37 Malta 0.767 8.5 4 8.5 4.8 0.888 7.3 0.690 13.3 0.737 .. .. ..
39 Saudi Arabia .. .. .. .. 8.7 0.762 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
40 Argentina 0.711 15.0 -8 14.5 9.3 0.786 8.1 0.759 26.3 0.601 10.6 2.3 43.6
41 United Arab Emirates .. .. .. .. 5.5 0.829 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
42 Chile 0.672 19.3 -13 18.2 5.9 0.893 12.6 0.655 36.0 0.519 12.6 3.3 50.8
43 Portugal 0.744 10.4 1 10.1 3.9 0.900 5.9 0.685 20.3 0.668 .. .. ..
44 Hungary 0.769 7.2 10 7.1 5.4 0.803 3.2 0.789 12.6 0.717 4.5 1.0 28.9
45 Bahrain .. .. .. .. 6.3 0.816 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
46 Latvia 0.730 10.8 0 10.5 7.6 0.771 3.5 0.778 20.5 0.649 6.9 1.5 36.0
47 Croatia 0.743 9.1 3 8.9 5.2 0.836 4.3 0.745 17.2 0.659 5.3 1.4 33.6
48 Kuwait .. .. .. .. 7.2 0.776 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
49 Montenegro 0.728 9.2 1 9.2 7.6 0.799 7.4 0.735 12.6 0.658 4.7 1.1 30.6
HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
50 Belarus 0.741 7.1 4 7.1 6.8 0.736 3.7 0.804 10.8 0.690 3.8 0.9 26.5
50 Russian Federation 0.714 10.5 1 10.3 9.8 0.695 2.3 0.788 18.7 0.664 7.3 1.8 39.7
52 Oman .. .. .. .. 7.0 0.813 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
52 Romania 0.711 10.3 2 10.2 8.8 0.768 4.7 0.719 17.1 0.651 4.1 0.9 27.3
52 Uruguay 0.678 14.5 -4 14.2 9.2 0.799 9.2 0.647 24.2 0.602 9.0 2.0 41.3
55 Bahamas .. .. .. .. 9.4 0.772 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
56 Kazakhstan 0.694 11.9 1 11.8 16.7 0.633 5.9 0.751 12.7 0.704 4.0 1.0 28.6
57 Barbados .. .. .. .. 8.1 0.786 5.5 0.734 .. .. .. .. ..
58 Antigua and Barbuda .. .. .. .. 8.0 0.794 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
59 Bulgaria 0.699 10.5 3 10.4 7.9 0.768 5.5 0.710 17.8 0.627 6.4 1.4 34.3
60 Palau .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.0 0.696 23.0 0.570 .. .. ..
60 Panama 0.604 22.5 -20 21.7 12.1 0.779 16.6 0.567 36.5 0.499 17.6 3.6 51.9
62 Malaysia .. .. .. .. 4.9 0.800 .. .. .. .. 11.3 2.6 46.2
63 Mauritius 0.666 14.2 -2 14.1 9.2 0.760 13.2 0.623 19.8 0.625 5.9 1.5 35.9
64 Seychelles .. .. .. .. 7.9 0.752 .. .. .. .. 18.8 6.4 65.8
64 Trinidad and Tobago 0.654 15.2 -3 15.0 16.4 0.648 6.6 0.659 21.9 0.656 .. .. ..
66 Serbia 0.693 10.1 5 10.1 8.5 0.773 8.1 0.688 13.5 0.627 4.6 1.1 29.7
67 Cuba .. .. .. .. 5.1 0.867 11.3 0.681 .. .. .. .. ..
67 Lebanon 0.609 20.8 -15 20.2 6.7 0.852 24.1 0.491 30.0 0.540 .. .. ..
69 Costa Rica 0.613 19.9 -11 19.1 7.3 0.847 15.5 0.561 34.3 0.486 12.8 2.9 48.6
69 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 0.509 33.6 -41 32.1 12.5 0.746 37.3 0.433 46.6 0.407 7.0 1.7 38.3
71 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 0.612 19.7 -11 19.4 12.2 0.732 17.6 0.570 28.4 0.550 11.7 2.4 44.8
72 Turkey 0.641 15.8 0 15.7 11.0 0.757 14.2 0.563 21.8 0.618 8.0 1.9 40.0
73 Sri Lanka 0.669 11.6 7 11.6 8.3 0.774 12.8 0.646 13.7 0.597 5.8 1.6 36.4
74 Mexico 0.587 22.4 -12 21.8 10.9 0.778 19.7 0.518 34.6 0.501 11.1 2.8 48.1
75 Brazil 0.557 26.3 -20 25.6 14.5 0.717 23.6 0.518 38.7 0.465 16.9 3.8 52.7
76 Georgia 0.652 13.6 5 13.2 12.9 0.736 3.3 0.761 23.4 0.494 8.9 2.0 41.4
77 Saint Kitts and Nevis .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
78 Azerbaijan 0.652 13.2 7 12.9 21.7 0.612 8.3 0.645 8.9 0.702 5.1 1.3 33.0
79 Grenada .. .. .. .. 8.4 0.753 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
80 Jordan 0.625 16.5 2 16.4 11.9 0.732 16.9 0.586 20.5 0.568 5.1 1.4 33.7
81 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 0.622 16.7 2 16.1 7.6 0.788 10.6 0.608 30.1 0.504 9.3 2.3 44.2
81 Ukraine 0.689 7.8 16 7.7 10.4 0.703 3.6 0.770 9.2 0.604 3.4 0.9 24.8
83 Algeria .. .. .. .. 16.7 0.702 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
84 Peru 0.563 23.4 -10 23.0 13.9 0.723 23.3 0.509 31.9 0.484 11.9 2.5 45.3
85 Albania 0.634 13.5 8 13.4 9.9 0.801 11.9 0.561 18.3 0.567 4.3 1.0 29.0
85 Armenia 0.658 10.2 14 10.1 12.7 0.735 3.7 0.679 13.9 0.572 4.5 1.1 30.3
85 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.635 13.3 9 13.1 6.7 0.811 12.5 0.573 20.2 0.551 5.4 1.3 33.0
88 Ecuador 0.570 22.1 -4 21.8 13.4 0.745 21.1 0.510 30.9 0.487 12.0 2.7 46.6
89 Saint Lucia 0.613 15.9 5 15.5 9.9 0.764 9.2 0.600 27.4 0.502 .. .. ..
90 China .. .. .. .. 9.8 0.774 .. .. 29.5 0.514 10.1 2.1 37.0
90 Fiji 0.616 15.3 8 15.1 12.3 0.675 10.5 0.686 22.6 0.505 8.0 2.2 42.8
90 Mongolia 0.633 12.9 12 12.8 16.6 0.634 9.4 0.647 12.3 0.619 6.2 1.6 36.5
93 Thailand 0.576 20.6 1 19.9 9.8 0.755 16.1 0.519 34.0 0.488 6.9 1.8 39.4
94 Dominica .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
94 Libya .. .. .. .. 10.1 0.714 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
96 Tunisia 0.562 22.0 -2 21.4 10.6 0.753 34.6 0.415 18.9 0.569 6.4 1.5 35.8
97 Colombia 0.542 24.7 -10 24.1 13.5 0.718 21.3 0.489 37.4 0.453 17.5 4.0 53.5
97 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines .. .. .. .. 13.0 0.708 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
99 Jamaica 0.593 17.5 7 16.9 15.0 0.729 5.6 0.628 30.1 0.454 9.6 2.5 45.5
100 Tonga .. .. .. .. 13.7 0.701 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
101 Belize 0.553 22.6 -3 21.7 11.4 0.682 15.9 0.611 37.9 0.406 .. .. ..
101 Dominican Republic 0.546 23.6 -6 23.4 16.9 0.684 22.9 0.474 30.3 0.503 10.3 2.5 45.7
103 Suriname 0.543 24.0 -5 23.3 13.6 0.680 19.0 0.492 37.3 0.478 .. .. ..
104 Maldives 0.531 24.9 -6 23.8 8.1 0.803 40.0 0.333 23.2 0.559 6.8 1.6 37.4
105 Samoa .. .. .. .. 13.3 0.713 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
MEDIUM HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
106 Botswana 0.431 38.2 -23 36.5 21.9 0.535 32.1 0.437 55.5 0.344 22.9 5.8 60.5
107 Moldova (Republic of) 0.618 10.8 20 10.8 11.0 0.707 7.3 0.651 14.0 0.514 4.6 1.1 30.6
108 Egypt 0.524 24.0 -5 22.8 13.4 0.681 40.9 0.351 14.2 0.604 4.4 1.2 30.8
109 Turkmenistan .. .. .. .. 26.0 0.519 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
110 Gabon 0.519 24.0 -6 24.0 28.0 0.492 23.5 0.465 20.4 0.613 8.3 2.1 42.2
110 Indonesia 0.559 18.2 6 18.2 16.4 0.629 20.8 0.486 17.3 0.573 5.7 1.5 38.1
112 Paraguay 0.529 22.1 -1 21.8 19.2 0.657 16.2 0.492 30.1 0.458 13.0 2.9 48.0
113 Palestine, State of 0.577 14.9 16 14.8 13.1 0.707 16.5 0.549 15.0 0.494 5.5 1.4 34.5
114 Uzbekistan 0.569 15.8 14 15.3 24.3 0.563 1.4 0.672 20.1 0.485 5.8 1.5 35.2
115 Philippines 0.547 18.1 7 17.8 15.2 0.629 11.6 0.539 26.8 0.483 8.4 2.2 43.0
116 El Salvador 0.488 26.7 -6 26.2 14.5 0.697 30.2 0.389 34.0 0.428 8.4 2.0 41.8
116 South Africa 0.428 35.7 -15 33.0 25.7 0.427 16.1 0.594 57.3 0.310 28.5 8.0 65.0
116 Viet Nam 0.549 17.5 9 17.4 12.1 0.755 18.0 0.474 22.0 0.463 6.1 1.5 35.6
119 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 0.472 28.7 -5 28.4 24.5 0.561 24.7 0.480 36.1 0.391 15.2 2.7 46.6
120 Kyrgyzstan 0.560 14.5 17 14.2 20.0 0.623 5.0 0.665 17.7 0.424 5.4 1.3 33.4
121 Iraq 0.512 21.8 2 21.5 17.6 0.626 30.6 0.342 16.1 0.626 4.4 1.1 29.5
122 Cabo Verde 0.519 19.7 5 19.4 12.0 0.722 18.2 0.433 28.0 0.447 8.7 2.3 43.8
123 Micronesia (Federated States of) .. .. .. .. 19.8 0.606 .. .. .. .. 40.2 7.0 61.1
124 Guyana 0.520 18.3 8 18.1 19.2 0.577 10.5 0.511 24.4 0.477 .. .. ..
125 Nicaragua 0.480 24.0 1 23.6 13.2 0.733 29.5 0.366 28.3 0.411 11.0 2.5 45.7
126 Morocco 0.441 29.7 -2 28.5 16.8 0.692 45.8 0.253 23.0 0.492 7.3 2.0 40.9
126 Namibia 0.354 43.6 -25 39.3 21.7 0.539 27.8 0.377 68.3 0.217 19.6 5.8 61.3
128 Guatemala 0.443 29.4 1 28.9 17.4 0.658 36.2 0.308 33.1 0.429 14.8 3.6 52.4
129 Tajikistan 0.515 17.5 10 17.0 29.3 0.537 6.5 0.615 15.0 0.414 4.7 1.1 30.8
130 India 0.435 28.6 1 27.7 25.0 0.554 42.1 0.292 16.1 0.508 5.0 1.4 33.6
131 Honduras 0.412 32.1 -7 30.7 17.0 0.678 26.4 0.361 48.6 0.285 23.5 5.0 57.4
132 Bhutan 0.425 29.8 -2 28.9 22.2 0.593 44.8 0.249 19.6 0.519 6.8 1.8 38.7
133 Timor-Leste 0.412 30.7 -4 29.4 22.8 0.572 47.6 0.247 17.8 0.494 4.4 1.2 30.4
134 Syrian Arab Republic 0.468 21.2 8 20.8 12.6 0.667 31.5 0.376 18.3 0.408 5.7 1.5 35.8
134 Vanuatu 0.492 17.2 12 17.2 15.4 0.675 17.5 0.430 18.5 0.410 .. .. ..
136 Congo 0.434 26.6 6 26.2 36.0 0.417 21.5 0.402 21.2 0.488 8.2 1.9 40.2
137 Kiribati 0.405 31.5 -2 30.1 20.6 0.562 21.4 0.474 48.4 0.249 .. .. ..
138 Equatorial Guinea .. .. .. .. 44.4 0.322 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
139 Zambia 0.384 34.4 -6 33.9 37.2 0.387 21.7 0.466 42.6 0.314 17.4 4.8 57.5
140 Ghana 0.387 33.1 -3 33.1 30.8 0.441 36.7 0.350 31.7 0.377 9.3 2.2 42.8
141 Lao People's Democratic Republic 0.428 25.6 7 25.3 21.5 0.558 34.1 0.304 20.3 0.463 5.8 1.6 36.2
142 Bangladesh 0.403 29.4 1 29.0 20.1 0.634 38.6 0.274 28.3 0.375 4.7 1.3 32.1
143 Cambodia 0.418 24.7 7 24.6 25.3 0.557 28.3 0.321 20.3 0.407 4.6 1.3 31.8
143 Sao Tome and Principe 0.418 24.7 6 24.7 26.9 0.523 21.4 0.368 25.8 0.378 5.6 1.3 33.9
LOW HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
145 Kenya 0.377 31.3 -3 31.1 31.5 0.439 26.0 0.380 36.0 0.321 11.0 2.8 47.7
145 Nepal 0.401 26.8 3 25.9 21.1 0.602 41.4 0.266 15.1 0.403 5.0 1.3 32.8
147 Pakistan 0.377 29.9 0 28.6 29.9 0.498 44.4 0.208 11.6 0.519 4.1 1.1 29.6
148 Myanmar .. .. .. .. 27.1 0.515 19.4 0.303 .. .. .. .. ..
149 Angola 0.335 37.0 -8 36.6 46.2 0.267 34.6 0.310 28.9 0.453 9.0 2.2 42.7
150 Swaziland 0.354 33.3 -2 33.1 35.0 0.290 26.8 0.404 37.6 0.379 14.0 3.5 51.5
151 Tanzania (United Republic of) 0.379 27.3 4 27.2 30.4 0.482 28.5 0.304 22.7 0.372 6.2 1.7 37.8
152 Nigeria 0.320 37.8 -9 37.5 40.8 0.299 43.3 0.254 28.4 0.430 9.1 2.2 43.0
153 Cameroon 0.344 32.8 -1 32.4 39.4 0.331 34.8 0.318 23.1 0.387 7.5 1.9 40.7
154 Madagascar 0.372 27.0 4 26.8 24.8 0.522 35.0 0.318 20.4 0.311 7.4 1.9 40.6
155 Zimbabwe 0.371 27.0 4 26.7 26.8 0.422 17.4 0.449 35.8 0.270 .. .. ..
156 Mauritania 0.337 33.4 1 32.9 36.6 0.420 40.8 0.214 21.2 0.425 7.8 1.9 40.5
156 Solomon Islands 0.385 23.8 11 23.8 22.3 0.573 22.8 0.328 26.3 0.304 .. .. ..
158 Papua New Guinea .. .. .. .. 26.5 0.481 11.5 0.360 .. .. .. .. ..
159 Comoros 0.268 46.7 -18 46.0 34.2 0.438 47.6 0.248 56.0 0.178 26.7 7.0 64.3
160 Yemen 0.329 34.0 0 33.0 30.3 0.469 48.1 0.177 20.6 0.427 5.6 1.5 35.9
161 Lesotho 0.320 35.6 -2 34.9 33.5 0.305 24.3 0.383 47.0 0.280 20.4 4.3 54.2
162 Togo 0.322 33.4 1 33.1 36.8 0.386 38.9 0.299 23.5 0.290 10.7 2.6 46.0
163 Haiti 0.296 38.8 -7 38.2 27.9 0.475 38.3 0.249 48.4 0.219 26.6 5.5 59.2
163 Rwanda 0.330 31.6 4 31.6 30.2 0.475 29.4 0.289 35.2 0.262 11.0 3.2 50.8
163 Uganda 0.337 30.2 6 30.2 33.8 0.392 29.4 0.319 27.3 0.305 8.8 2.4 44.6
166 Benin 0.300 37.4 -2 37.1 37.0 0.384 44.8 0.230 29.4 0.306 8.2 2.2 43.5
167 Sudan .. .. .. .. 32.8 0.450 42.7 0.171 .. .. 6.2 1.4 35.3
168 Djibouti 0.308 34.6 1 33.7 32.5 0.436 47.0 0.162 21.7 0.413 7.7 1.9 40.0
169 South Sudan .. .. .. .. 40.8 0.325 39.6 0.235 .. .. .. .. ..
170 Senegal 0.305 34.4 1 34.0 29.5 0.504 44.7 0.168 27.7 0.337 7.8 1.9 40.3
171 Afghanistan 0.319 31.4 5 30.0 34.3 0.408 44.8 0.202 10.8 0.396 4.0 1.0 27.8
172 Côte d'Ivoire 0.287 38.0 -1 37.6 40.2 0.290 45.1 0.214 27.4 0.379 9.4 2.2 43.2
173 Malawi 0.299 32.9 2 32.6 40.0 0.395 30.2 0.308 27.7 0.220 9.7 2.6 46.2
174 Ethiopia 0.312 29.4 7 28.0 30.2 0.474 44.3 0.176 9.5 0.363 5.3 1.4 33.6
175 Gambia .. .. .. .. 34.8 0.403 .. .. 26.9 0.299 11.0 2.8 47.3
176 Congo (Democratic Republic of the) 0.276 36.2 0 35.3 49.9 0.298 27.7 0.341 28.2 0.208 9.3 2.4 44.4
177 Liberia 0.280 34.8 2 34.1 33.1 0.421 46.4 0.215 22.7 0.243 7.0 1.7 38.2
178 Guinea-Bissau 0.254 39.6 -5 39.4 45.3 0.296 40.3 0.206 32.5 0.267 5.9 1.5 35.5
179 Mali 0.270 35.7 1 34.5 45.6 0.318 41.6 0.176 16.1 0.350 5.2 1.3 33.0
180 Mozambique 0.273 34.3 3 34.1 40.2 0.323 33.8 0.242 28.4 0.262 9.8 2.5 45.7
181 Sierra Leone 0.241 41.7 -4 40.0 51.2 0.232 49.6 0.171 19.2 0.351 5.6 1.5 35.4
182 Guinea 0.261 36.5 0 35.2 40.3 0.356 48.3 0.167 17.1 0.300 5.5 1.3 33.7
183 Burkina Faso 0.261 35.0 2 34.6 41.1 0.351 38.6 0.161 24.2 0.317 7.0 1.9 39.8
184 Burundi 0.269 32.6 5 31.5 43.6 0.318 36.9 0.234 14.1 0.263 4.8 1.3 33.3
185 Chad 0.236 39.9 -1 39.6 46.1 0.262 41.9 0.157 30.7 0.318 10.0 2.2 43.3
186 Eritrea .. .. .. .. 24.7 0.506 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
187 Central African Republic 0.198 43.5 -1 43.1 45.7 0.256 34.5 0.224 49.2 0.135 18.0 4.5 56.3
188 Niger 0.246 29.2 3 28.4 37.9 0.396 35.0 0.129 12.3 0.292 4.5 1.2 31.2
OTHER COUNTRIES OR TERRITORIES
Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of) .. .. .. .. 15.4 0.655 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Marshall Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Monaco .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Nauru .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
San Marino .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Somalia .. .. .. .. 42.1 0.316 43.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Tuvalu .. .. .. .. .. .. 10.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Human development groups
Very high human development 0.788 12.1 11.8 4.9 0.885 8.0 0.782 22.5 0.706
High human development 0.600 19.4 19.0 10.7 0.757 16.8 0.542 29.4 0.527
Medium human development 0.468 25.8 25.5 21.9 0.584 34.7 0.348 19.8 0.503
Low human development 0.343 32.0 31.7 35.0 0.405 37.9 0.247 22.0 0.404
Developing countries 0.490 25.7 25.5 19.9 0.614 32.3 0.374 24.5 0.514
Regions
Arab States 0.512 25.4 24.7 17.4 0.643 38.9 0.334 17.7 0.626
East Asia and the Pacific 0.572 19.4 19.2 11.7 0.734 18.4 0.491 27.4 0.520
Europe and Central Asia 0.651 13.0 12.9 14.3 0.690 7.9 0.655 16.6 0.611
Latin America and the Caribbean 0.570 23.7 23.2 13.3 0.734 21.0 0.522 35.2 0.485
South Asia 0.433 28.7 27.9 24.4 0.563 41.5 0.288 17.9 0.499
Sub-Saharan Africa 0.345 33.3 33.1 36.6 0.375 35.3 0.285 27.5 0.385
Least developed countries 0.347 30.9 30.7 32.3 0.451 36.4 0.253 23.4 0.367
Small island developing states 0.493 25.3 24.9 18.6 0.628 21.3 0.457 34.9 0.418
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 0.763 13.3 12.9 5.6 0.873 9.5 0.744 23.6 0.685
World 0.548 22.8 22.7 17.4 0.654 26.8 0.442 24.0 0.570

 

Notes
a. See http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/list_of_surveys_used_for_estimat... for the list of surveys used to estimate inequalities.
b. Based on countries for which the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index is calculated.
c. Calculated from the 2010–2015 period life tables from UNDESA (2013a).
d. Data refer to 2014 or the most recent year available.
e. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.

Definitions
Human Development Index (HDI): A composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development—a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living. See Technical note 1 at http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2015_technical_notes.pdf for details on how the HDI is calculated.
Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI): HDI value adjusted for inequalities in the three basic dimensions of human development. See Technical note 2 at http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2015_technical_notes.pdf for details on how the IHDI is calculated.
Overall loss: Percentage difference between the IHDI and the HDI.
Difference from HDI rank: Difference in ranks on the IHDI and the HDI, calculated only for countries for which the IHDI is calculated.
Coefficient of human inequality: Average inequality in three basic dimensions of human development. See Technical note 2 at http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2015_technical_notes.pdf.
Inequality in life expectancy: Inequality in distribution of expected length of life based on data from life tables estimated using the Atkinson inequality index.
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index: The HDI life expectancy index adjusted for inequality in distribution of expected length of life based on data from life tables listed in Main data sources.
Inequality in education: Inequality in distribution of years of schooling based on data from household surveys estimated using the Atkinson inequality index.
Inequality-adjusted education index: The HDI education index adjusted for inequality in distribution of years of schooling based on data from household surveys listed in Main data sources.
Inequality in income: Inequality in income distribution based on data from household surveys estimated using the Atkinson inequality index.
Inequality-adjusted income index: The HDI income index adjusted for inequality in income distribution based on data from household surveys listed in Main data sources.
Quintile ratio: Ratio of the average income of the richest 20% of the population to the average income of the poorest 20% of the population.
Palma ratio: Ratio of the richest 10% of the population's share of gross national income (GNI) divided by the poorest 40%'s share. It is based on the work of Palma (2011), who found that middle class incomes almost always account for about half of GNI and that the other half is split between the richest 10% and poorest 40%, though their shares vary considerably across countries.
Gini coefficient: Measure of the deviation of the distribution of income among individuals or households within a country from a perfectly equal distribution. A value of 0 represents absolute equality, a value of 100 absolute inequality.

Main data sources
Column 1: HDRO calculations based on data from UNDESA (2015), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2015), United Nations Statistics Division (2015), World Bank (2015a), Barro and Lee (2014) and IMF (2015).
Column 2: Calculated as the geometric mean of the values in columns 7, 9 and 11 using the methodology described in Technical note 2 http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2015_technical_notes.pdf.
Column 3: Calculated based on data in columns 1 and 2.
Column 4: Calculated based on data in column 2 and recalculated HDI ranks for countries for which the IHDI is calculated.
Column 5: Calculated as the arithmetic mean of the values in columns 6, 8 and 10 using the methodology described in Technical note 2 http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2015_technical_notes.pdf.
Column 6: Calculated based on abridged life tables from UNDESA (2013a).
Column 7: Calculated based on data in column 6 and the life expectancy index.
Columns 8 and 10: Calculated based on data from the Luxembourg Income Study database, Eurostat's European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions, the World Bank's International Income Distribution Database, United Nations Children's Fund Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys and ICF Macro Demographic and Health Surveys using the methodology in Technical note 2 http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2015_technical_notes.pdf.
Column 9: Calculated based on data in column 8 and the unadjusted education index.
Column 11: Calculated based on data in column 10 and the unadjusted income index.
Columns 12 and 13: HDRO calculations based on data from World Bank (2015b).
Column 14: World Bank (2015b).